Tuesday, January 24, 2006

The Evolution of the Otaku Concept

It has been over two decades since the word 'otaku' was introduced to the Japanese public, and even longer since science fiction and anime fans in Japan began using that form of address to refer to each other. Nonetheless, debate continues regarding the implications of otaku culture, and opinions regarding the word itself remain widely divergent.

It can be argued that otaku culture in Japan has recently become more mainstream than it ever has been. Citing just one example out of many, Densha Otoko ("Train Man") was a smash hit in 2005. Cashing in on the otaku love story's popularity, Napoleon Dynamite is being marketed in Japan as "Bus Otoko". (If Densha Otoko ever makes it to the US, will people call it a Japanese Napoleon Dynamite?)

I'm one of the people who thinks that understanding the otaku phenomenon will give us new tools and strategies for living (and being empowered) in today's information society. Other writers with similar thinking include Toshio Okada and Mizuko Ito.

Being aware of the positive potential of otaku culture has not blinded me to the rest of the discourse surrounding it, however. I am well aware that there is still a cloud of darkness that hovers over the public perception of otaku.

Very recently, we were reminded of the case that initially soured the mainstream image of otaku. Tsutomu Miyazaki, who kidnapped and murdered four young girls in Japan in the late 80s, was sentenced to death by the Japanese courts, and that sentence was upheld last week by the Japanese supreme court.

The image of the otaku, fairly or not, took a big hit when the Miyazaki case was publicized, but times have changed since then. Since the otaku panic, new social problems and new subcultures emerged to make Japanese adult society really nervous, and otaku have been reclassified as being slightly eccentric but very good for the economy. Overly obsessed with cartoons or not, they spend a lot of money, according to research by the Nomura Research Institute.

Geek culture in the UK has been getting the same kind of attention lately:

"The anorak has gone," says Betts and a "new, more chic geek has emerged from the bedroom."

(In a way, I'm kind of sad he said that. I like my anorak. Given that 'anorak' is probably the closest English equivalent to 'otaku', I had hopes that anoraks would become an international otaku uniform of sorts. Is it too late?)

These days, people are more concerned about hikikomori, which was the topic of a recent article by Maggie Jones of the New York Times. Even if we're not much closer to a solution, we've been aware of the hikikomori problem for several years now, and the subcultural landscape of Japan continues to mutate, giving us social scientists plenty to analyze.

Last week, Journeyman Pictures released a really interesting short segment called "Generation Z" that talked about Japan's latest subcultural trends. Here's the summary from their site:

Japan is at a turning point. As its economy struggles to gain momentum, the young are turning to a myriad of subcultures to express their alienation. "I had no hobby and wanted something I could be absorbed into. And by chance it was wrist cutting", states Kiyomi. She's a member of Goth-Lolita, one of Japan's biggest youth trends. Unable to cope with the real world, many young Japanese are retreating to an imaginary one. "This is my inner brain wife", says Toru Honda, an 'Otaku' or uber-nerd, pointing at a picture of a cartoon. "I've never been treated kindly by real women." He also has virtual sisters, a virtual pet, even a virtual maid. Then there are the NEETS - 'Not in Employment, Education or Training' - a tribe who have lost the will to work and the 'Freeters' who have rejected the corporate rat race.

Obviously, otaku culture is still on the radar as something that is troublesome to the Japanese mainstream, but it's not the same as before. The air of "otaku panic" (as described by Sharon Kinsella) has long since passed. If anything, it seems that Toru Honda, who I have mentioned previously, is intentionally trying to revive the notion of otaku as being dangerous and edgy. Toru Honda is leading the backlash against popular culture's co-optation of otaku subculture. He wants to be perceived as dangerous, but in this interview he comes off as slightly comical, not really a threat to anyone except maybe himself. Then again, I'm speaking from my own perspective as an American who values non-conformity, and someone who is already familiar with otaku culture. It's possible that many Japanese would indeed find him scary, and other accounts I've read do make Honda seem a bit more dangerous than he appeared in the "Generation Z" short. His presence in the short does not indicate to me a growing concern about otaku in society. Instead, it seems to represent otaku culture's last stand against those who would make it mainstream.

Whether or not one thinks it is effective, the very existence of this otaku reactionism is interesting. Like so many subcultures before it, otaku subculture is becoming part of popular culture. Otaku-ism is about actively engaging the products of popular culture, but now, popular culture has appropriated the language, mannerisms, and trappings of otaku culture, repackaged it, and sold it back to the youth, many of whom created it in the first place.

It is not surprising, therefore, that Honda rejects cute and popular portrayals of otaku culture, portrayals that have no teeth. His strategy appears to be one of distancing otaku from the mainstream by engaging even more deeply with things that are unacceptable to the general public.

I understand where Toru Honda is coming from. I used to have a sig that said "It's not about mainstreaming otaku, it's about otakunizing the mainstream!" But although I appreciate Honda's sentiments, I don't necessarily agree with his strategy. Certainly, otaku are interesting for reasons beyond the fact that they spend a lot of money and create content that can be exported internationally, but I also think that portraying them to be extremely marginal (as potentially violent sexual deviants, for example) diminishes the subculture's true value. That type of self-marginalization is too reminiscent of those (both inside and outside of fandom) who use the word 'otaku' to label the worst excesses of fandom, whereas I prefer to use the term to describe some of the best and most interesting aspects of fans everywhere--their creativity, dedication, and spirit of discovery. The bad stuff will always be out there, and it needs to be addressed, but focusing too heavily on the negative blinds us to the positive aspects of otakuism that are just as real and important. There's so much more to otaku culture than the fact that some otaku relate better to 2-d women and figurines than real people.

Of course, it's not enough to simply say that otaku culture is a positive thing and then leave it at that. The inevitable question is "what is so good about being an otaku?" and given that we don't encourage everyone to be otaku, "what positive lessons can we learn from otaku culture?" I will be addressing such questions in my dissertation (in progress).

165 comments:

  1. Good morning sir. I'm Lynne, from Philippines. I'm also an anime fan. I'm studying in the University of the Philippines-1st year student. Can you please help me in my LRP(Library Research Paper)? I'm pretty much interested in the otaku culture, so I chose this topic for my LRP. While researching on it, I read some of your articles about it. I know you can help me, my problem is I'm lacking of sources(especially books) and I'm confused of what will be my specific topic and my premise?! Can you site some premise to be that I can contribute to otaku culture?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Big data is a term that describes the large volume of data – both structured and unstructured – that inundates a business on a day-to-day basis. big data projects for students But it’s not the amount of data that’s important.Project Center in Chennai

      Spring Framework has already made serious inroads as an integrated technology stack for building user-facing applications. Corporate TRaining Spring Framework the authors explore the idea of using Java in Big Data platforms.

      Spring Training in Chennai

      The new Angular TRaining will lay the foundation you need to specialise in Single Page Application developer. Angular Training

      Delete
  2. Good day, sir! im one of otaku fans here in philippines. Can you site some sources for me so that I can pursue my topic about anime social networking sites.. and how it affect us.. thank you..

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hi, you might like to start with the book I contributed to.

    Details here: Fandom Unbound: Otaku Culture in a Connected World

    ReplyDelete
  4. I was 15 when you wrote this article...
    I was looking for information about Toru Honda and (after sifting through all the Tohru Honda from Fruits Basket results) this came to the top of the list.
    My studies are more around the "Waifu Movement" as some call it. To be more precise, it began as a study on people who have romantic relationships with silicone love dolls, then it transformed into studying romance with mannequins, landmarks like the Eiffel Tower, artificial intelligences, and finally 2d fictional characters. In that order.
    Of course, this extends beyond the reach of just otaku, though many see otaku as being almost wholly integrated into non-human relationships as such mostly because of bad media.
    However, that's not exactly why I'm here.
    You see, I have a way to study a subject from within. I'm capable of "psyching myself out" and enter realms that may push my boundaries of comfort. This is the only way I can see studies being wholly legitimate.
    If you have an interest in such things either study or personal, I'd be happy to have that discussion.
    Like I said, I believe jumping into a subject wholly is the best way to learn about it. I have firsthand experience.
    I do agree with you that focusing too much on the negative is harmful by losing focus on the positive, however I'm the sort who never sees anything wholly bad or wholly good regardless of situation.
    If I don't stop myself, I will blather on. If you are interested in a discussion, I have ideas you might find interesting relating to the "negative" aspects, like 2d relationships.
    Feel free to drop a line.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Thank You for sharing your article, This is an interesting & informative blog. It is very useful for the developer like me. Kindly keep blogging. Besides that Wisen has established as Best Corporate Training in Chennai .

    Nowadays JavaScript has tons of job opportunities on various vertical industry. Know more about JavaScript Framework Training visit Corporate Training Companies in India.

    This post gives me detailed information about theechnology. corporate training companies in india

    ReplyDelete
  6. Those guidelines additionally worked to become a good way to recognize that other people online have the identical fervor like mine to grasp great deal more around this condition.

    java training in bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  7. Excellent Article ...thank u for sharing, such a valuable content Learners to get good knowledge after reading this article... Java Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  8. Excellent Sharing. You have done a great job. I gathered lots of new information... Java Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  9. Concepts are very clear. Thank you for sharing such a valuable content. we are very happy to receive such a nice one Thank you... Java Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  10. Really it was an awesome article...very interesting to read..You have provided an nice article....Thanks for sharing..
    java training in chennai
    java course in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  11. This was an nice and amazing and the given contents were very useful and the precision has given here is good.
    AWS Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  12. In the beginning, I would like to thank you much about this great post. Its very useful and helpful for anyone looking for tips to help him learn and master in Angularjs. I like your writing style and I hope you will keep doing this good working.
    Angularjs Training in Bangalore
    Angularjs Training Institute In Bangalore
    Angularjs Course in Bangalore
    Angularjs Training Institute in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  13. I have read a few of the articles on your website now, and I really like your style. Thanks a million and please keep up the effective work.
    R Programming Training in Chennai | R Programming Training in Chennai with Placement | R Programming Interview Questions and Answers | Trending Software Technologies in 2018

    ReplyDelete
  14. Positive site, where did u come up with the information on this posting?I have read a few of the articles on your website now, and I really like your style. Thanks a million and please keep up the effective work.Trending Software Technologies in 2018 | Hadoop Training in Chennai | big data Hadoop training and certification in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  15. Great informative bog. Thanks for sharing such a valuable information with us.

    businessexceltemplates
    Guest posting sites

    ReplyDelete
  16. Very useful and information content has been shared out here, Thanks for sharing it.
    Visit Learn Digital Academy for more information on Digital marketing course in Bangalore.

    ReplyDelete
  17. Hi,
    I must appreciate you for providing such a valuable content for us. This is one amazing piece of article. Helped a lot in increasing my knowledge.
    Android Training in Chennai
    Android training
    Android training near me
    AWS Course in Chennai
    AWS Certification Training in Chennai
    AWS Training near me

    ReplyDelete
  18. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  19. Come and play with us and get incredible prizes. super slots Prizes are waiting for you do not lose them.

    ReplyDelete
  20. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  21. I hope this article will slove my doubts and surely i will follow this and i expect that you will update more in future.
    Qtp training in Chennai
    SEO Training in Chennai
    SEO institute in Chennai
    SEO Training in Porur

    ReplyDelete
  22. Если вам нужны профили для светодиодных лент то я обычно беру их у компании Ekodio, быстрая доставка и супер сервис

    ReplyDelete
  23. Great casino, ever best online casino games you can safely put the top ten, with the new year already playing. At first I didn’t enter the topic as it is not hung with all sorts of bells and whistles I used to, but over time you realize that only good gaming games, bonuses and timely payments are needed in the casino, everything else interferes and distracts.

    ReplyDelete
  24. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  25. In the beginning, I would like to thank you much about this great post. Its very useful and helpful for anyone looking for tips. I like your writing style and I hope you will keep doing this good working.
    Ethical Hacking Course in Chennai
    Certified Ethical Hacking Course in Chennai
    PHP Training in Chennai
    ccna Training in Chennai
    Web Designing Course in Chennai
    ethical hacking course in chennai
    hacking course in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  26. Great article and a nice way to promote online. I’m satisfied with the information that you provided
    tree stump removal north palm beach

    ReplyDelete
  27. Thank you for excellent article.You made an article that is interesting.
    Digital marketing course in Bangalore with Live Projects. 100% placement, 20+ modules, 10+ certifications, Great discounts on course fees.
    https://onlineidealab.com/digital-marketing-courses-in-bangalore/

    ReplyDelete
  28. This post is good enough to make somebody understand this amazing thing, and I’m sure everyone will appreciate this interesting things.dumpster rental augusta

    ReplyDelete
  29. I have read your article, it is very informative and helpful for me.I admire the valuable information you offer in your articles. Thanks for posting it..
    septic tank pumping augusta

    ReplyDelete
  30. This post is good enough to make somebody understand this amazing thing, and I’m sure everyone will appreciate this interesting things.tree trimming companies lexington

    ReplyDelete
  31. This is a great article thanks for sharing this informative information. I will visit your blog regularly for some latest post.dumpster rental cost asheville

    ReplyDelete
  32. A superbly written article, if only all bloggers offered the same content as you, the internet would be a far better place. septic tank cleaning asheville

    ReplyDelete
  33. You have a good point here!I totally agree with what you have said!! Thanks for sharing your views. hope more people will read this article!!! residential tree services montgomery

    ReplyDelete
  34. This is a great article thanks for sharing this informative information. I will visit your blog regularly for some latest post.dumpster rental companies springfield

    ReplyDelete
  35. Thanks for the wonderful share. Your article has proved your hard work and experience you have got in this field. Brilliant .i love it reading. drain cleaning service springfield

    ReplyDelete


  36. 2 of 65
    comment

    Tuhin Pabna
    Attachments
    Nov 28, 2019, 9:29 AM
    to noyon0461


    2 Attachments

    keep up the good work. this is an Assam post. this to helpful, i have reading here all post. i am impressed. thank you. this is our digital marketing training center. This is an online certificate course
    digital marketing training in bangalore / https://www.excelr.com/digital-marketing-training-in-bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  37. This post is good enough to make somebody understand this amazing thing, and I’m sure everyone will appreciate this interesting things.junk hauling services little rock

    ReplyDelete
  38. I think this is one of the most significant information for me. And i’m glad reading your article. grease trap pumping service little rock

    ReplyDelete
  39. A superbly written article, if only all bloggers offered the same content as you, the internet would be a far better place. stump grinding beaumont

    ReplyDelete
  40. Hello, I have browsed most of your posts. This post is probably where I got the most useful information for my research. Thanks for posting, maybe we can see more on this. Are you aware of any other websites on this subject?
    dumpster rental services corpus christi

    ReplyDelete
  41. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly. I am quite sure I will learn much new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!
    Web Designing Training Institute in Chennai | web designing and development course | web design and programming courses

    ReplyDelete
  42. I feel satisfied to read your blog, you have been delivering a useful & unique information to our vision.keep blogging.
    Digital Marketing Course In Kolkata
    Web Design Course In Kolkata

    ReplyDelete
  43. Good job! Fruitful article. I like this very much. It is very useful for my research. It shows your interest in this topic very well. I hope you will post some more information about the software. Please keep sharing!!
    DevOps Training in Anna Nagar
    DevOps Training in Chennai
    DevOps Training in T Nagar
    DevOps Training in OMR
    DevOps Training in Porur
    DevOps course in Tambaram
    DevOps course in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  44. AWS training in chennai | AWS training in annanagar | AWS training in omr | AWS training in porur | AWS training in tambaram | AWS training in velachery

    It would have been the happiest moment for you,I mean if we have been waiting for something to happen and when it happens we forgot all hardwork and wait for getting that happened.

    ReplyDelete
  45. Very informative article.Thank you admin for you valuable points.Keep Rocking.
    AlterYX Training
    Elasticsearch Training
    Cyber Security Training
    AWS Devops Training

    ReplyDelete
  46. Good post. I learn something new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It's always interesting to read content from other writers and practice a little something from their web sites.
    Digital Marketing Training Course in Chennai | Digital Marketing Training Course in Anna Nagar | Digital Marketing Training Course in OMR | Digital Marketing Training Course in Porur | Digital Marketing Training Course in Tambaram | Digital Marketing Training Course in Velachery

    ReplyDelete
  47. I appreciate that you produced this wonderful article to help us get more knowledge about this topic.
    I know, it is not an easy task to write such a big article in one day, I've tried that and I've failed. But, here you are, trying the big task and finishing it off and getting good comments and ratings.

    IELTS Coaching in chennai

    German Classes in Chennai

    GRE Coaching Classes in Chennai

    TOEFL Coaching in Chennai

    spoken english classes in chennai | Communication training

    ReplyDelete
  48. Positive site, where did u come up with the information on this posting?I have read a few of the articles on your website now, and I really like your style..
    java training in chennai

    java training in omr

    aws training in chennai

    aws training in omr

    python training in chennai

    python training in omr

    selenium training in chennai

    selenium training in omr

    ReplyDelete
  49. I have express a few of the articles on your website now, and I really like your style of blogging. I added it to my favorite’s blog site list and will be checking back soon…
    sap training in chennai

    sap training in velachery

    azure training in chennai

    azure training in velachery

    cyber security course in chennai

    cyber security course in velachery

    ethical hacking course in chennai

    ethical hacking course in velachery

    ReplyDelete
  50. I was following your blog regularly and this one is very interesting and knowledge attaining. Great effort ahead. you can also reach us for web development company in chennai website design company in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  51. You have provided finicky information for a new blogger so it has turned out to be really obliging. Keep up the good work!
    Data Science training in Mumbai
    Data Science course in Mumbai
    SAP training in Mumbai

    ReplyDelete
  52. financial advisors in bangalore


    A Financial Planner is a Life Planner A Financial Advisor is not someone who just guides you where to invest.

    ReplyDelete
  53. Business Intelligent Analyst: In order to check the current status of a company or where it stands, a Business Analyst uses data and looks for patterns, business trends, relationships and comes up with a visualization and report. data science course syllabus

    ReplyDelete
  54. Good to become visiting your weblog again, it has been months for me. Nicely this article that i've been waited for so long. I will need this post to total my assignment in the college, and it has exact same topic together with your write-up. Thanks, good share.
    data science course in India

    ReplyDelete
  55. Wow! Such an amazing and helpful post this is. I really really love it. I hope that you continue to do your work like this in the future also.

    Hadoop Training Institute in Pune
    Hadoop Administration training institutes in Pune

    ReplyDelete
  56. Nice article I was really impressed by seeing this blog, it was very interesting and it is very useful for me.
    Primavera Course in Chennai | Primavera online course

    ReplyDelete
  57. Thanks for posting the best information and the blog is very helpful.digital marketing institute in hyderabad

    ReplyDelete
  58. Thanks for spending all your pleasant time to make such a Creative content for us. AWS Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  59. thanks for sharing an informative article.Angular training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  60. This concept is a good way to enhance knowledge. thanks for sharing..

    DevOps Course in Pune

    ReplyDelete
  61. Great post! I really enjoyed reading it. Keep sharing such articles. Looking forward to learn more from you.Thanks for sharing.
    Reactjs Training in Chennai |
    Best Reactjs Training Institute in Chennai |
    Reactjs course in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  62. What a fantabulous post this has been. Never seen this kind of useful post. I am grateful to you and expect more number of posts like these. Thank you very much. Gebäudereinigung Adelebsen

    ReplyDelete
  63. Really I enjoy your site with effective and useful information. It is included very nice post with a lot of our resources.thanks for share. i enjoy this post. Asheville Property Management

    ReplyDelete
  64. Nice articles, very good information learnt, Good post, Keepit up.
    InterSystems,Spoken English Classes in Chennai,Digital Marketing Agency in chennai, also Kindly provide like this information.

    ReplyDelete
  65. I learn some new stuff from it too, thanks for sharing your information. Glasreinigung Moringen

    ReplyDelete
  66. Attractive component of the material. I just stumbled across your web site and accession capital to say that I really enjoyed your site. US Citizen Travel to Turkey, you can apply for a Turkey Visa to the US anytime, but ideally, apply at least two days before your date of travel.

    ReplyDelete
  67. Very Informative blog thank you for sharing. Keep sharing.

    Best software training institute in Chennai. Make your career development the best by learning software courses.

    informatica course in chennai
    android training in chennai
    power bi training in chennai
    Docker Training in Chennai
    ios training in chennai
    Xamarin Training in Chennai
    msbi training in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  68. Thank you for this informative article. I learned so much from it. Our free email signature maker will help you build a brand identity with a personalized email signature. Create your own email signature online with our free tool. Easily create a signature for your email using our email signature generator

    ReplyDelete

  69. I am browsing this website daily and get good facts from here all the time. Aw, this was a really nice post. kenya visa requirements read online & fill Kenyans can apply for their eVisa in about 15 minutes by filling and submitting the visa application form.

    ReplyDelete
  70. Amazing post. Thanks for this. Travelers coming to India from the USA should be aware of the Indian visa fees from USA.

    ReplyDelete


  71. Aimore Tech is the Best Software training institute in chennai with 6+ years of experience. We are offering online and classroom training.

    Dotnet Training in Chennai
    Core java Training in Chennai
    Web design Training in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  72. This is a very useful article. You can apply for e visas to India via the electronic visa India website.

    ReplyDelete
  73. I think this is an informative post and it is very useful and informative. So, I would like to thank you for the effort you put into writing this article. The Indian e visa online or Electronic Visa (eTV) is an online travel authorization. You can apply online for e visa to India via the India e visa website.

    ReplyDelete
  74. İnstagram takipçi satın al! İnstagram takipçi sitesi ile takipçi satın al sende sosyal medyada fenomen olmaya bir adım at. Sende hemen instagram takipçi satın almak istiyorsan tıkla:

    1- takipçi satın al

    2- takipçi satın al

    3- takipçi satın al

    ReplyDelete
  75. Much obliged for sharing this brilliant substance. its extremely fascinating. Numerous web journals I see these days don't actually give whatever pulls in others however the manner in which you have plainly clarified everything it's truly awesome. There are loads of posts But your method of Writing is so Good and Knowledgeable. continue to post such helpful data and view my site too...
    Easy Freezy | Fold n fly | Classic dart paper airplane | how to make a paper airplane that flies far and straight step by step | windfin | stable paper airplane | nakamura paper airplane | paper airplane templates for distance

    ReplyDelete
  76. It was really valuable and informative reading this article with new updates. Thanks. Now that the process is available online, visa India USA is available in the type of 30days, 1 year and 5 years visa also which is easy to get and track by Online process.

    ReplyDelete
  77. I am truly pleased to read this webpage which consists of lots of helpful information, thanks for providing such statistics.. The Saudi visa Is one of the most demanding travel visas in the world . According to the Wikipedia report Saudi Arabia is the second biggest tourist destination in the Middle East

    ReplyDelete
  78. Great with detailed information. It is really very helpful for us.
    Village Talkies a top-quality professional corporate video production company in Bangalore and also best explainer video company in Bangalore & animation video makers in Bangalore, Chennai, India & Maryland, Baltimore, USA provides Corporate & Brand films, Promotional, Marketing videos & Training videos, Product demo videos, Employee videos, Product video explainers, eLearning videos, 2d Animation, 3d Animation, Motion Graphics, Whiteboard Explainer videos Client Testimonial Videos, Video Presentation and more for all start-ups, industries, and corporate companies. From scripting to corporate video production services, explainer & 3d, 2d animation video production , our solutions are customized to your budget, timeline, and to meet the company goals and objectives.
    As a best video production company in Bangalore, we produce quality and creative videos to our clients.

    ReplyDelete
  79. When a group of anime and manga enthusiasts began to self-identify as otaku in the 1980s, the otaku culture was born. This was primarily due to the impact of "Akira," a breakthrough anime series that showed a future society separated into two classes: normal people and otaku.

    ReplyDelete
  80. Because of the negative cultural notion of isolation from society, the word otaku is widely considered insulting in Japan. However, as a reaction to the established culture of intensive work and academic study, the otaku philosophy of living has gained popularity among Japanese kids and adolescents.

    ReplyDelete
  81. I love your blogging style. I added it to my preferred blog web page list and will return soon… Citizens of the United States of America need a visa to travel to India. Yes, India visa for US citizens, US citizens can apply online for an Indian visa. Indian visa for US citizens is issued for under the following 5 categories:- You can choose your category then apply for your visa.

    ReplyDelete
  82. Very awesome!!! When I looked for it, I found this website at the top of all the blogs in the search engine. Indian visa for US citizen are available online. US citizens can apply for an Indian visa within 5 to 10 minutes. Firstly you can read all the document requirements for Indian visa for US citizens via our website then you can apply for your Indian visa.

    ReplyDelete
  83. Thanks for one marvelous posting! I really enjoyed reading it, you might be a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and will eventually come back later on.
    Get connected with us, If you are looking for customised reversible raincoat.

    ReplyDelete
  84. Thanks for sharing such a great information. Keep up the good work. concrete-contractors-kansas-city

    ReplyDelete
  85. Great and informative content. Keep sharing. fence-company-wilmington-nc

    ReplyDelete
  86. You can undoubtedly peruse and alter anything you compose with Grammarly's free composing application. Grammarly for Windows clients will be completely verified by Grammarly for proficient clients by coordinating it. Grammarly Crack Version

    ReplyDelete
  87. The wi-fi safety consultant component, protect the consumer from intimidation that happen from wireless relations specially, the application check such wireless network linked to your computer and give alerts of their safety rank. Bitdefender Total Security Download

    ReplyDelete
  88. Good information! Thank you so much General info

    ReplyDelete
  89. Merry Christmas & Happy Birthday to Jesus! Birthday Cards Inside Message. birthday candy christmas happy birthday to me birthday amp christmas Christmas Message To A Loved One

    ReplyDelete
  90. Yeey! Thanks for sharing. site

    ReplyDelete